Reprinted and adapted by permission from Diana DeLugan 
"Rebel Flag" also known as the "Dixie Flag" and the "Southern Cross"
[The following article was originally published at the Arizona History Blog on August 8, 2014]

The words "Civil War" evoke images of Gettysburg, the clash between the North and South in a tangle of grey and blue uniforms. In school, we learned that southern states seceded from the Union. But did you know that for short time Arizona was part of the Confederate States?

According to the 2014 Arizona History timeline at the Arizona Governor's website, Arizona became part of the Confederacy in 1862. The website further reports the "Battle at Picacho Pass, near Casa Grande[, Arizona] is considered the westernmost battle of the Civil War.." If the Battle at Picacho Pass was the westernmost battle, how far south did the Confederacy in Arizona? According to a 1879 San Francisco Bulletin correspondent report, the answer is Tubac. 

"In 1862, and this is not known to many, a company of so-called Confederate soldiers took possession of Tubac, (and I think there was a Confederate garrison at Tucson for a while) and raised the flag of the de facto government which had its headquarters in Richmond. This company of men made it warm for the Apaches, under the wily and brave Cochise, and killed a good many of them. During the latter part of 1862, a regiment of Union soldiers arrived at Tucson (and the present Mayor of Tucson, now worth $100,000, was an officer in said regiment,) and the Confederate garrison at Tubac was at once abandoned. Upon the departure of these troops, what people had located also departed, and Tubac was again left without an inhabitant, the overland stages and all other travel had been drawn off, grass had grown up in the streets, and all of the adobe houses crumbled into ruins."

Although differing accounts exist regarding if or when the town of Tubac was abandoned, one thing is certain, its' Confederate history will not be forgotten. 

For more information regarding the Confederacy in Arizona visit:


Arizona Sentinel, March 22, 1879

Flag: By William Porcher Miles (1822-1899) (Vector graphics image by Crotalus horridus)  This vector image was created with Inkscape. (SVG adapted from this image) Wikimedia Commons. PD-US.

(c) 2014-2017 Diana DeLugan All rights reserved.


10/14/2017 1:20pm



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10/20/2017 3:22pm

Hey that's pretty interesting, I didn't know that Arizona was in the Confederacy - Alec Accountant


I am proud of what Cochise did historically speaking. I will never take the side of our enemies. We will continue to fight up to this very moment. We may live far from where our ancestors used to roam free but I believe the wind has the answers for everything. I learned that form my great grandfather. I wish the conspirators will stop changing history and what really happened. Everyone knew the truth and it is being spread by only by word of mouth for many generations.

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